Hip replacement, or arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the diseased parts of the hip joint are removed and replaced with new, artificial parts. These artificial parts are called the prosthesis. The goals of hip replacement surgery include increasing mobility, improving function of the hip joint, and relieving pain.
While hip surgery has enormous benefits to individuals, it is considered a major surgery involving a commitment from the patient to prepare for the surgery, and participate actively in the recovery and rehabilitation process for the most optimal results. The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases provides an informative section on their website, devoted to answering many of the questions that you should be asking prior to considering surgery, such as:
- Who should have hip replacement surgery?
- What are alternatives to hip replacement?
- What does hip replacement surgery involve?
- Is a cemented or uncemented prosthesis better?
- What can be expected immediately after surgery?
- How long are recovery and rehabilitation?
- What are possible complications of hip replacement surgery?
- When is revision surgery necessary?
- What types of exercise are most suitable for someone with a total hip replacement?